Contrary to popular belief the first ever truck that was made was during the late 19th century in England. However, it wasn’t until the early 20th century, when the Ford Motor Company became involved, that trucks were mass produced. These included standard pickup trucks and even the 1917 model known as the Model-T One Ton truck chassis. Within a few years pickup trucks were being mass produced by Ford and the most popular model featured a cargo box, heavy duty rear suspension, as well as a tailgate. Trucks became an extremely popular way to transport products and cargo around and this led to some very versatile models being manufactured.
Three Main Types of Trucks
Trucks can basically be put into three categories – light, medium or heavy duty.
- A light duty truck will typically have what is known as a “Gross Vehicle Weight” (GVW) of no more than 14,000 lbs. These are generally the pickup truck variety and are far more similar to normal cars used to transport people. The engines are most commonly gas, as you would expect from a normal car. However, it must be said that pickup trucks will typically retain their value (if you are looking to sell one) far better than other standard motor vehicles.
- Medium duty trucks will usually have a gross vehicle weight of 14,000 lbs and above and generally no more than 26,000 lbs. Many of these medium duty trucks also employ gas engines, although diesel is proving to be far more popular in the modern day and age. This is basically because diesel is usually far cheaper and this will also add to the trucks overall life expectancy. The most common use of medium duty trucks is for delivery purposes, such as the trucks you usually see a company such as DHL use.
- Heavy duty trucks can be classed as any vehicle that has a gross vehicle weight in excess of 26,000 lbs. These will pretty much all be diesel engines, once again due to the overall costs and durability of the vehicle. However, heavy duty trucks typically don’t hold their value when being resold, although this is due to the total mileage they have done. Heavy duty trucks are most commonly used for long distance transportation and to simply replace an engine you could be spending a fair few tens of thousands of dollars.
Uses of Trucks
Obviously, when purchasing a truck you will have a specific use for it in mind. The light duty trucks will typically be for everyday use for someone who needs to transport a few goods on a daily basis. This could be something as simple a contractor who wishes to carry his tools from job to job. Medium duty trucks can be used to transport all sorts of goods and are especially great for businesses, such as home removals or a delivery driver. The heavy duty trucks are usually supplied by companies who have goods that are large in nature to transport and you will often see these massive beasts transporting goods such as fuel or large amounts of liquid from one place to another. Some of the features you may look for when purchasing a truck will be its durability, whether it has a diesel engine to save on fuel costs, and also if it has the ability to carry heavy loads or even to tow a trailer.